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Wild Animal Law of Canada


Environmental Protection Act (Newfoundland)

(current to 01 May 2016)
Note Re Application of the Environmental Protection ('EPA')
Newfoundland and Labrador's Environmental Protection Act (EPA) applies generally within Newfoundland and Labrador. It does not apply directly to animal species as such, but can have significant impact on their habitat.
The full current text of this legislation (including regulations) may be viewed at the Newfoundland statute website.


While not directly relevant to animals or animal welfare, Newfoundland and Labrador's Environmental Protection Act (EPA) is the province's general environmental regulation statute and as such impacts on animal habitat and protection nonetheless. It includes 'animals' within it's key operative concept of "environment" [EPA s.2(m)], so they are clearly anticipated as being effected by the legislation. However, the dominant immediate EPA goals are of reduction and mitigation of harm to the environment from such things as industrial toxics, air and water pollutants, waste, pesticides (through a licensing regime) and similar substances [eg. EPA 7 (prohibition of release of harmful substances) and s.16 (prohibition on waste release)].

As a practical matter, those facing animal-related problems would most commonly have recourse to the EPA where animals are being impacted by industrial pollution, toxins or similar substance-related harm. Even then they would have to locate the substance within the Act and the extensive EPA Regulations to see how the problem is regulated and what can be done about it. Remedies include offences for violation of the EPA [EPA s.114] and Ministerial Orders to violators or potential violators of the EPA regime[EPA s.99].

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