Simon looking earnest in Preveza, Greece
"The problem with all animal law is the weakness of enforcement = the disaster that is the OSPCA
(as of Jan 2019) is just one recent example. The best hope for animals are civil actions, both with
existing law and pressing for the establishment of new torts. Standing law should be broadened to allow groups
and individuals to sue on behalf of animals, without any outdated ownership requirement."
Simon Shields, Lawyer
Legal Guides
tenant / small claims / welfare (ontario works) / odsp / human rights / employment / consumer /
collection agencies / criminal injuries compensation / sppa (admin law)
/ line fences / animal cruelty / dogs & cats / wild animal law (all Canada) / war

home / about / testimonials / conditions of guide use
Talk to the Lawyer
--> Wild Animals Law (Canada) Legal Guide
Table of Contents


Wild Animal Law of Canada


Fish Inspection Act (Newfoundland)

(current to 01 May 2016)
Note Re Application of the Fish Inspection Act ('FIA')

The FIA applies to the fisheries of Newfoundland and Labrador. It has extremely limited application to specific marine animals and is included only for the sake of completeness.
The full current text of this legislation (including regulations) may be viewed at the Newfoundland statute website.


While the FIA's definition of "fish" is broad - "all finfish, marine invertebrates and marine mammals, whether caught or farmed, and parts, products or by-products of them;", it is overwhelmingly concerned with the inspection, grading, labelling of fish for consumption.

The only FIA relevance for animal welfare is in the Fish Inspection Administrative Regulations 74/07 ("FIA Regs") and the Fish Inspection Operations Regulations 76/07 (FIO Regs). Namely, that as an aspect of minimum processing standards, the FIA regime confirms that the following 'fish' may be sold live:
  • crustaceans [FIO Regs, s.3(3)(a)];

  • bivalve molluscs [FIO Regs, s.6(1)(g)];

  • eels [FIO Regs, Schedule], and

  • lobsters [FIA Regs, s.4(e)].
Law Society Number #37308N / Website © Simon Shields 2005-2019