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RTA - Non-Profit Housing Co-operatives

. Osorio v. Atkinson Housing Co-operative Inc.

In Osorio v. Atkinson Housing Co-operative Inc. (Div Court, 2024) the Divisional Court allows an appeal by a de facto 'occupant' of a non-profit housing co-op, where the issue was whether the LTB had jurisdiction to order their eviction:
[1] The appellant, Mr. Osorio, appeals three orders of the Landlord and Tenant Board that found he was not a member of the respondent non-profit housing co-operative and ordered his eviction from the unit in the co-op. The appellant makes several arguments that I discuss further below but that are without merit. However, as the respondent concedes, the Board did not have jurisdiction to order his eviction once it found he was a non-member occupying the unit.

[2] The appellant used to be a member of the co-op. He lived in the unit with his former spouse from 2005 to 2011. He left the unit in approximately August 2011 because of a restraining order against him associated with domestic violence. His ex-spouse continued living in the unit. The Board found that in 2018, the appellant provided the co-op with written confirmation that he had not resided in the unit since August 2011 and that he agreed to resign his membership with the co-op.

[3] In March 2022, the co-op discovered the appellant’s ex-spouse had moved out of the unit in February 2021. It also had information the appellant was living in the unit, but he had not applied to be reinstated as a member of the co-op. The co-op then started an application against the appellant’s ex-spouse to terminate her occupancy of the unit because it was abandoned.

[4] In its first decision, dated April 26, 2023, the Board concluded the appellant’s ex-spouse had abandoned the unit and that, since the appellant was not a member, he had no right to occupy the unit. The Board ordered the unit to be vacated by May 7, 2023.

[5] The appellant then filed a request for review, arguing that he was not able to participate in the hearing because the notice of hearing was not addressed to him. The request for review was referred to a hearing, which took place on September 28, 2023. After hearing from the appellant, the Board concluded that the appellant had resigned his membership with the co-op in 2018. Because he was not a member, he did not have standing to participate in the April 26 hearing. The request for review therefore was denied.

[6] The appellant made a further request for review, which was denied because he had not provided a basis to waive the Board’s rule providing it would not consider a further request to review the same order from the same party.


The Board’s Jurisdiction to Evict the Appellant

[9] The respondent concedes for the purposes of this appeal that the Board did not have jurisdiction to evict the appellant when it found he was not a co-op member. This appears to be correct on the face of the relevant legislation. The issue was not put to the Board in this matter, but the Board previously has held the Residential Tenancies Act, 2006, S.O. 2006, c. R. 17 (RTA) does not provide it with jurisdiction to evict an unauthorized occupant from a co-op: TSC-00659-16 (Re), 2016 CanLII 25272 (ON LTB), at para. 8. Merritt J. recently adopted this position in Neilson Creek Housing Co-Operative Inc. v. Vella, 2024 ONSC 171, at para. 19, although the question of the Board’s jurisdiction was not directly before her.

[10] Part V.I of the RTA authorizes the Board to terminate the occupancy rights of a member but does not expressly authorize termination of occupancy rights of non-members. Meanwhile, s. 171.13 of the Co-operative Corporations Act, R.S.O. 1990, c. C.35 (CCA) authorizes the court to declare a person’s membership and occupancy rights to be terminated or that there is no member occupying the unit and to direct that a writ of possession be issued.

[11] Considering the relevant statutory provisions and in the absence of any argument to the contrary before me, I find the Board did not have jurisdiction to evict the appellant.


[16] Further, contrary to the appellant’s submission, the Board was not limited to determining whether the appellant was a co-op member under an application pursuant to s. 94.10 of the RTA. That provision did not apply to the circumstances of this case but in any event, the appellant has not provided authority for the proposition that it is the only situation in which membership rights can be determined. Here, it was within its jurisdiction and appropriate for the Board to determine whether the appellant was a member so it could determine whether the unit had been abandoned, as requested by the respondent’s application. I note that if the respondent files an application under s. 171.13 of the CCA, it will be for the court to determine any impact of the Board’s findings on the application before it.


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Last modified: 15-05-24
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