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Appeals - Practice Where Appeal and JR Combined

. Yatar v. TD Insurance Meloche Monnex

In Yatar v. TD Insurance Meloche Monnex (Ont CA, 2022) the Court of Appeal set out valuable practice directions regarding when both appeal and judicial review were to be advanced to the Divisional Court together:
(3) Concurrent appeal and judicial review proceedings

[53] Before concluding, I will address one other issue that is raised by the parties and that is the reference by the Divisional Court to what it described as “the systemic difficulties associated with duplicative judicial reviews and appeals.” The Divisional Court identified these difficulties as one of the factors weighing against considering the judicial review application.

[54] I have already said that judicial review is available in these cases. As I have also said, there is a difference between the availability of judicial review and whether such relief will be granted. However, the fact that judicial review is available does raise the practical problem of how that application should be dealt with when there is also a statutory right of appeal. On that issue, I make two comments.

[55] First, if a party intends to utilize both their right of appeal and their right to seek judicial review, then those proceedings must be brought together. Put simply, a party cannot first exercise their right of appeal and then, if unsuccessful, bring a judicial review application. “Litigation is not to be conducted by instalment”: Shearer v. Oz, 2021 ONSC 7844, at para. 5.

[56] Second, once both proceedings are commenced, a motion must be brought for the two proceedings to be heard together with a single appeal book/application record and factum covering both proceedings. It would, of course, be open to the Divisional Court to adopt a Practice Direction that directs that this is the process to be followed, in an effort to avoid such motions. The Practice Direction could also address any issues with differing time periods for filing and like matters. Failing that, the time and expense of such a motion could be greatly reduced if counsel were to agree on the terms of an appropriate order with a further agreement that the motion could then be dealt with in writing.

[57] Simply put, the difficulties that the Divisional Court identified with concurrent proceedings can be minimized through appropriate Practice Directions and/or the co-operation of counsel.


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