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Welfare (Ontario Works) Legal Guide
(20 June 2021)

Chapter 7 - Asset Rules

  1. General
  2. Asset Limits
  3. Asset Limits Where Pending First Time ODSP Application
    (a) Temporary Application of ODSP Asset Caps
    (b) Reimbursement Agreement
  4. Asset Exemptions
    (a) Overview
    (b) Principal Residence
    (c) Assets of Child in Temporary Care
    (d) Automobiles
    (e) Tools of the Trade
    (f) Business Assets (Self-Employment)
    (g) Student Funding
    (h) Pre-paid Funerals
    (i) Pain and Suffering Damages and Expense Awards
    (j) Exempt Government Payments
    (k) Minor (Under 18) Earnings Asset Exemption
    (l) Loans for First and Last Month's Rent
    (m) Loans for Car Purchase
    (n) Monies from MCSS Program Participation to be Used for Post-Secondary Education
    (o) Adult Member Income During High School Attendence
    (p) Registered Education Savings Plan (RESP)
    (p.1) Registered Disability Savings Plan (RDSP)
    (q) Some Insurance Proceeds
    (r) Hardship Payouts under the Pension Benefits Act
    (s) Interest on Retroactive Lump Sum Payments
    (t) Earnings and Training Income Used for Post-Secondary Education
    (v) Transplant Patient Expense Reimbursement Program Payments
    (w) Ontario Child Benefit Equivalent Act Payments
    (x) MMAH Ontario Renovates Payments
    (y) RRAP Loans
    (z) Soldiers' Aid Commission
  5. Welfare Security Requirements
    (a) General
    (b) Discharging Liens
    . History
    . Discharging Liens
    (c) "Agreements to Reimburse" and "Assignments and Directions"
    . Overview
    . "Agreement to Reimburse"
    . "Assignment and Direction"
    . London (City) v. Medina Isovic (Ont Superior Court, 2009)
    (d) Subrogation
    . Overview
    . Amount of Subrogation
    . Where Recipient Sues
    . Case Law
    (e) Limits to Security Requirements
    (f) Family Support Workers
  6. Trust Funds
    (a) Overview
    (b) Henson Trusts
    (c) Case Law
    . Ozad
    . Guy
    (d) Caution
    (e) Trust Funds and ODSP
  7. Duty to Realize Available Financial Resources
    (a) Duty to Realize Available Resources
    (b) Some Specific Situations of the Duty to Realize
    . Immigration Sponsorships
    . Student Loans
    . Canada Child Tax Benefit (CCTB) and Ontario Child Benefit (OCB)
    . Spousal and Child Support
    . Minors in Temporary Care
    . Testamentary Gifts and Trusts
    (c) Some Exemptions from the Duty to Realize
    . Early Retirement Pensions
    . ODSP Income Support
    . Hardship Payouts under Pension Benefits Act
  8. Improvident Dispositions of Assets
    (a) Overview
    (b) Improvident Money Spend-down
    (c) Property Transfers
    (d) Timelines
    (e) Non-Compliance
    (f) Practical Issues


1. General

The "benefit unit" (the applicant, spouse and any other dependents) is not eligible for assistance if the total assets of the benefit unit members exceed the applicable asset limit, or "cap". However, many assets are exempt from counting towards the asset limit. In this Chapter the term 'chargeable' assets means those that count towards the asset limit, and 'exempt' assets means those that do not.

All members of benefit unit have a duty to fully disclose assets held at the time of application - and anytime they are received thereafter. As a practical matter it is safest to report the assets and let the administrator make its determination as to whether they are chargeable or not - it's better to fight an issue like that on appeal to the Social Benefits Tribunal than in criminal court on a fraud charge.

No definition of 'assets' is found in the OW Act or Regulations, so welfare law looks to common law definitions. Roughly, it is any property of value that is 'available' for support. Assets can include cash money, money in bank accounts, investments, real estate, cars, debts due for repayment to the benefit unit, and other forms of property. It could conceivably cover intangibles such as intellectual property rights (eg. copyright), etc - but such situations would be uncommon.

The key concept is that an asset must be 'available' for use to support the recipient (typically available for easy conversion to cash - ie. "liquid"). For example, a gift under a will that is still tied up in estate settlement is not an 'asset' until it is available to be received or paid out. This general principle of "availability" was reaffirmed in a 1987 Ontario Divisional Court case, Ontario (COMSOC) v Henson (discussed below in s.6: "Trust Funds") under former legislation dealing with the term "liquid assets". While the present law only uses the term "assets" now, the Henson principle is still good law if only for the practical reason that counting assets not "available" for support would be irrational for the purposes for which welfare was intended.
Just because an asset is exempt that is not the end of the issue. All money or property received must also be assessed for its income impact (see Ch. 5 "Income Rules"). The general rule (there are exceptions) is that money and property coming in is assessed for income impact in the month received, and any remaining the next month is an asset, to be assessed along with other still-held assets against the asset maximum.

2. Asset Limits

This chart sets out the asset maximums ("caps") for benefit units of various sizes [Reg s.38].


Single Recipient (no dependents)Single Recipient(with dependents)Recipient and Spouse (no dependents)Recipient and Spouse
(with dependents)
Add For Each Non-Spousal Dependent
Where an applicant is a dependent living with their parents and has a child of their own (see Ch.2 "Claimants") special circumstances apply. In these cases the dependent collects welfare through the parents' benefit unit, but can only collect welfare for the child through a separate benefit unit. Where the parents are not on social assistance, they must support their offspring (the parent of the infant) themselves. In this situation the asset cap for the infants is $500 each [Reg s.38(1)(e)].

3. Asset Limits Where Pending First Time ODSP Application

(a) Temporary Application of ODSP Asset Caps

If a recipient or spouse in the benefit unit has applied for ODSP then the (more generous) ODSP asset limits (below) applies until the application is "finally disposed of". The 'final disposition' of the ODSP application is not defined, but logically would include either the exhaustion of all reviews and appeals, or the passing of limitation periods (deadlines) for such reviews and appeals if they have not been pursued.

[ODSP Reg s.27]

Recipient ..................................... $40,000

Spouse ........................................ $10,000

Each Additional Dependent ............ $ 500

ODSP asset exemptions are covered in Ch.8 of the Isthatlegal.ca ODSP Legal Guide. They are typically similar in nature to those of welfare, though more generous. One major difference is the treatment of Trust Funds [see s.6(e): "Trust Funds: Trust Funds and ODSP", below].

However these ODSP asset caps only apply in this fashion once per benefit unit. During any subsequent ODSP applications by any member of the benefit unit (even the same one that originally applied) the normal OWA asset limits apply (above) [Reg s.38(2)(3)].

(b) Reimbursement Agreement

When a benefit unit is taking advantage of this provision, the administrator may require - as a condition of granting assistance - a written reimbursement agreement - such that if the member of the benefit unit ultimately loses the ODSP application then their welfare assistance will be retroactively re-assessed according to the welfare asset caps [Reg s.15.1], likely resulting in an overpayment assessment.

However, the amount of payback set out in the reimbursement agreement shall be the lesser of:
  • the assistance paid to the recipient in those months in which the regular OWA asset cap was exceeded; or

  • the value of the assets in excess of the regular OWA asset cap, calculated at the day of final disposition of the ODSP application.
For example, take a case where through an eight month period that an ODSP application was being decided a single person benefit unit had $2000 worth of assets, and collected welfare of $4792 (8 x $599). The total assistance received under the ODSP asset rules was $4792 more than they would have received under the welfare asset rules (which would have been zero), but the payback required is only ($2000 - $599) or $1401. If the agreement to reimburse is not honoured, the amount owing shall be assessed as an overpayment (see Ch.9: "Administrator Decisions").

4. Asset Exemptions

(a) Overview

This section lists and explains assets that are "exempt" from chargeability (ie. do not count towards the asset caps) [Reg s.39].

The case of Director, ODSP v Passaro (Div Ct, 2010) is authority for the proposition that the below-listed asset exemptions should be read narrowly, and not expanded outside of their specific terms - that is, for an exemption to apply it must fall squarely within these listed exemptions. The Passaro case is at odds with long-standing statutory interpretation law from the Supreme Court of Canada that any ambiguity in the interpretation of benefits-conferring law should be read in favour of the benefits-claimant: Rizzo v Rizzo Shoes (SCC, 1998).

Applying asset exemptions can lead to some tricky practical issues, as the exemptions are typically determined by the source of the money when it is received and/or the intended use of the money. To apply such exemptions properly one must 'keep track' of such money after it is normally intermingled with other monies. This problem is called "tracing".

For instance, if your dependent receives a $500 payment for workfare education participation it is exempt as long as the money is used for post-secondary education. This money must - in theory - be kept track of, and at least notionally separated from other asset monies, until it is used for that purpose.

The best way to do this is to think of the exempt monies as in a separate 'account', to be added to and subtracted from, in accordance with the special condition by which it is exempt. A clean way to do this, if possible, is to open a separate bank account (in the example, an "education account") for this money - though that is not always practical for such small amounts. In any event, good records and receipts will help you best prove and utilize the asset exemption.

(b) Principal Residence

The ownership interest of members of the benefit unit in property which is the principal residence of the benefit unit is an exempt asset.

In the case of an owned apartment or commercial building where the benefit unit resides in one apartment, only the portion that the benefit unit resides in as their principal residence is asset-exempt [Reg s.39(1)1,2].

As well - where an asset (any asset) is being sold, and where the administrator approves of the arrangement, the sales proceeds which will be used in the purchase of a principal residence are asset-exempt. Thus for example if a recipient is buying a new house and selling the old, this provision could apply, with administrator approval (which should be sought well before the transactions are executed) [Reg s.39(1)3].

Further, any real estate interests of a "dependent child" (for definition see Ch.2 "Claimants") are exempt as long as "reasonable efforts are being made to sell the property". Of course, any such interest of a dependent child in the principal residence of the benefit unit is exempt in any event [Reg s.39(1)15].
Lien requirements have been abolished. To discharge existing liens see s.5 "Welfare Security Requirements: Liens", below.
(c) Assets of Child in Temporary Care

Where a minor (person under 18 years old) receiving temporary care assistance (see Ch.2 "Claimants: Minors in Temporary Care") owns assets (excluding their principal residence), the administrator may exempt these assets from being chargeable if it they are "necessary for the child's health or welfare" and suitable 'arrangements' respecting the assets are made [Reg s.39(1)4].

This provision preserves a child's property from being counted as a chargeable asset (and thus from liquidation) if the property is properly cared for and necessary for the child's health and welfare. The law does nothing to shed light on what "arrangements" are being referred to here, but logically they would include assets being properly managed and preserved by a responsible adult trustee on behalf of the child. Similarly, the child's "health and welfare" should be read broadly to protect the child's property from adverse impact.

(d) Automobiles

The value of a car owned by any (not each) member of the benefit unit is an exempt asset [Reg 39(1)5].
Reg 39(2) sets out that the above limit only commences after six month's of continuous welfare collection by the benefit unit. However this provision appears (to me at least) to be redundant in light of the now-unlimited value exemption for a first car (prior to amendments 01 October 2013 the limit for a first car was a maximum of $10,000). I suspect that it was intended that 39(2) be repealed.
If a second car is owned by any member of the benefit unit, and if it is required for employment or workfare participation by members of the benefit unit, then it's value is an exempt asset to the lesser of [Reg s.39(1)5.1]:
  • the value of the owner's net interest (ie. equity interest) in it, or

  • $15,000.
(e) Tools of the Trade

Tools of the trade essential to the employment of a member of the benefit unit are exempt assets.

This rule ["essential to the employment"] applies only where the benefit unit member is a waged employee (ie. under an employer) - not when they are engaged in self-employment (ie. as an independent contractor). The next section deals with self-employment, or business, situations [Reg s.39(1)6].

The distinction between "employment" and "independent contracting" (aka self-employment) is explained in detail in the Isthatlegal.ca Employment (Ontario) Legal Guide, Ch.1, s.1.

(f) Business Assets (Self-Employment)

The rules governing exempt business-related assets are a bit confusing.

The law states that assets necessary for the operation of businesses are exempt to a maximum of $10,000 for each business in the benefit unit, and $10,000 for each self-employed person in the benefit unit. It also states that the exemption is no more than $10,000 per business regardless of the number of members in it, and no more than $10,000 per member regardless of the number of businesses they are involved with. The administrator can approve higher exemption limits.

These rules are easy to apply where only one business exists or where only one member of the benefit unit is involved in business/es. However situations of multiple businesses involving multiple members of the benefit unit (while rare) are not clear. In such a case recall that any ambiguity in the statutory interpretation of benefits-conferring legislation goes in favour of the benefits-claimant: Rizzo v Rizzo Shoes [1998] 1 SCR 27 - and try to muddle through (the welfare worker will likely be just as confused).

The distinction between "employment" and "independent contracting" or self-employment is explained in detail in the Isthatlegal.ca Employment (Ontario) Legal Guide, Ch.1, s.1.

(g) Student Funding

Portions of student or trainee loans, grants or awards as approved by the administrator are exempt assets, as long as the recipient stays in the program of studies to which the monies relate [Reg s.39(1)10].

See Ch.6 "Income Rules" for a detailed discussion of the treatment of student and education-related income.

Also see (t) below re "Earnings and Training Income Used for Post-Secondary Education".

(h) Pre-paid Funerals

Pre-paid funerals to a maximum value approved by the Director are exempt assets [Reg s.39(1)11]. The present Policy Directive [4.9] sets an unlimited cap on the value of such plans.

(i) Pain and Suffering Damages and Expense Awards

Monies received as compensation for personal injury or death to a member of the benefit unit, as set out below, are exempt to an aggregate maximum of $50,000 [Reg s.39(1)12,12.1,12.2,(3)]. These amounts are:
  • "compensation for pain and suffering or expenses incurred or to be incurred as a result of an injury to or the death of a member of the benefit unit" from 'tort' personal injury claims such as auto accidents, slips and falls, assaults, etc;

  • compensation "for loss of guidance, care and companionship as a result of death or injury" from 'dependent tort claims' under the Family Law Act (ie. where family members claim compensation for another family member's injury or death); and

  • non-economic loss (NEL) awards under the (former) Worker's Compensation Act and the Workplace Safety and Insurance Act, 1997 (these are lump sum awards which are similar in nature to pain and suffering awards) for workplace accidents.
Following on the case of Director, ODSP v Passaro (Div Ct, 2010), these provisions were amended to clarify that "non-earner benefits" (NEBs), granted under the motor vehicle accident provisions of the Insurance Act (specifically under the Statutory Accidents Benefits Schedule, or 'SABS'), do not fall within the meaning of "pain and suffering", and as such do not fit within this $25,000 asset exemption [Reg 39(4)]. The net result is that any funds held from NEB awards are fully chargeable for asset purposes. This rule applies to past NEB (or NEB-like) awards made under their various manifestations through the following sequential SABS provisions:
  • s.13(1-3,7,8) of Reg 672/90 (accidents before 01 Jan 1994);

  • s.19 of Reg 776/93 (accidents after 31 Dec 1993 but before 01 Nov 1996);

  • s.12 of Reg 403/96 (accidents on or after 01 Nov 1996);

  • s.12 of Reg 34/10 (effective 01 Sept 2010).
A detailed discussion of the law applicable to pain and suffering and related awards is located in Ch.6 "Income Rules: Other Exemptions from Income: Pain and Suffering Awards".

Treatment of interest accruing on retroactive lump sum payments is discussed in sub-section (s) "Interest on Retroactive Lump Sum Payments", below.

(j) Exempt Government Payments

Payments from the following Ontario and federal government agreements and programs are exempt assets [Reg s.39(1)].:
  • The Helpline Reconciliation Model Agreement;

  • The Multi-Provincial/Territorial Assistance Program Agreement;

  • The Grandview Agreement;

  • Extraordinary Assistance Plan (Canada);

  • Ontario Hepatitis C Assistance Plan (applies where recipient contracted the disease before 01 January 1996 and after 30 June 1990);

  • Pre-1986/Post-1990 Hepatitis C Settlement Agreement (December 14, 2006) (applies to any payments under this agreement except those for: loss of income under section 2.05 of the Agreement, loss of services under section 2.06 of the Agreement and compensation to dependants under section 4.04 of the Agreement);

  • 1986-1990 Hepatitis C Settlement Agreement (15 June 1999) (applies to lump sums paid except those for loss of income or a loss of support)(applies where recipient contracted the disease between 1986 and 1990);

  • Opportunities Fund for Persons with Disabilities" (Employment and Social Development Canada), if the payment has been or will be applied to expenses incurred for participation in welfare-approved employment-related activities;

  • Walkerton Compensation Plan, except payments for future lost income;

  • Huronia Regional Centre class action settlement payments [Reg 39(1)25.1];

  • Rideau Regional Centre class action settlement payments [Reg 39(1)25.2];

  • Southwestern Regional Centre class action settlement payments [Reg 39(1)25,3];

  • local Disaster Relief Committee payments (established under the Ontario Disaster Relief Assistance Program) established pursuant to the Ontario Disaster Relief Assistance Program under the Ministry of Municipal Affairs if the payments will be used within a reasonable period for the purpose for which they were made. Payments under this program for loss of income are not exempt [Reg 39(1)27];

  • compensation, other than compensation for loss of income, related to a claim of abuse sustained at an Indian residential school, including compensation received under the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement;

  • a "personal credit" within the meaning of section 5.07 of the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement;

  • grants, items or services (ie. their value) provided for energy efficiency and conservation by gas distribution utilities, local distribution companies, municipalities, an Independent Electricity System Operator, Ontario or Canada [Reg 39(1)30];

  • payments under the "Quest for Gold" - Ontario Athlete Assistance Program.

  • Youth Jobs Strategy payments, made by either or both of the Ministry of Economic Development and Growth and/or the Ministry of Advanced Education and Skills Development, if, in the opinion of the administrator, the payment will be used within a reasonable period and for the purpose for which it was paid [Reg 39(1)36].

  • Grants received under the Northern Health Travel Grant Program, administered by the Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, to the extent that the grant amount exceeds the amount otherwise provided by welfare for medical transportation for the same trip [see Ch.4, s.2(b) "Medical Transportation")] [Reg 39(1)37].

  • Nova Scotia Home for Colored Children Settlement Agreement payments;

  • Athlete Assistance Program payments, as administered by the Department of Canadian Heritage;

  • Aboriginal land claim settlement payments, from either Ontario or Canada.

  • Payments received by a class member under the Settlement Agreement in the class action Clegg v. Her Majesty the Queen in Right of the Province of Ontario that was approved by the Superior Court of Justice on April 25, 2016 (Court File No.: CV-14-50642300CP).

  • Payment received by a class member under the Sixties Scoop Settlement Agreement [Reg 39(1)25.5].

  • Payment received by a class member under the Settlement Agreement in the Federal Indian Day Schools class action [Reg 39(1)25.6].

  • Payments made under the Government of Canada’s Thalidomide Survivors Contribution Program.
These are specialized agreements and programs. The recipient and benefit unit members will typically be aware if they have received any monies under these programs.

(k) Minor (Under 18) Earnings Asset Exemption

The earnings of a member of the benefit unit who is under 18 years of age or the amount paid to them under a training program [Reg s.39(1)14] are exempt assets.

Such earnings are also exempt as "income" (see Ch.6 Income Rules: Earnings Income Treatment: Categorical Exemptions").

(l) Loans for First and Last Month's Rent

Loan funds received for the purpose of paying first and last month's rent for necessary rental accomodation for the benefit unit are an exempt asset - as long as welfare is satisfied that it will be so used within a reasonable period. This exemption may require "tracing" to avoid it getting confused with other funds, as is explained in s.4(a) above [Reg s.39(1)17].

(m) Loans for Car Purchase

Portions of any loan advance that the administrator is satisfied will be used in a reasonable period of time to purchase a vehicle that is necessary for a workfare participant to engage in employment assistance activities, or for a benefit unit member to maintain employment, are exempt assets [Reg s.39(1)18].

(n) Monies from MCSS Program Participation to be Used for Post-Secondary Education

Monies paid by the Ministry of Community and Social Services to a dependent minor, independent minor (see Ch.2 "Claimants" for definitions) or any member of the benefit unit who is a workfare participant for successful participation in certain welfare-approved programs are exempt assets - if such monies are used for the person's post-secondary education within a reasonable period as determined by the administrator [Reg s.39(1)20]. The applicable programs are those directed at:
  • successful completion of a high school diploma,

  • developing employment-related skills, and

  • further developing of parenting skills.
(o) Adult Member Income During High School Attendence

Employment or training program earnings of an adult member of the benefit unit are exempt from treatment as chargeable assets during high school attendence, and thereafter as long as they are being used, or are being saved for use within a reasonable time, for training or post-secondary training [Reg 39(1)(14.1-14.2)].

(p) Registered Education Savings Plan (RESP)

An RESP is an exempt asset where held by a relative (by blood, marriage or adoption) of a member of the benefit unit, for the benefit of the member of the benefit unit [Reg s.39(1)21].

(p.1) Registered Disability Savings Plan (RDSP)

Starting in 2008, the federal Income Tax Act created a new form of tax-deferring registered savings plan, called the 'Registered Disability Savings Plan' ("RDSP").

Funds held in an RDSP for a recipient are exempt assets [Reg s.39(1)21.1].

This is a 2008 MCSS press release on this exemption:

Ontario Supports Registered Disability Savings Plans

(q) Some Insurance Proceeds

Insurance monies received for loss of real or personal property are exempt if the money will be applied in a reasonable time to [Reg s.39(1)26]:
  • purchase or repair of exempt assets;

  • purchase or repair of any asset necessary for the health or welfare of a member of the benefit unit, as approved by the administrator;

  • purchase of repair of an asset whose ownership by members of the benefit unit does not put the benefit unit over the asset cap;

  • additional living expenses, including temporary shelter costs, if insurance-covered damage renders the recipient's primary residence unfit for habitation; or

  • debt obligations of a member of the benefit unit.
(r) Hardship Payouts under Pension Benefits Act

Under some circumstances (financial hardship) persons may access pension funds otherwise "locked-in" under the Ontario Pension Benefits Act. While there is no legal duty to access these funds under the general social assistance "duty to realize available assets", their income and asset chargeability treatment when the funds are in fact accessed is less clear.

See s.7: "Duty to Realize Available Financial Resources" for a fuller discussion of these issues, and the income and asset treatment of such monies.

(s) Interest on Retroactive Lump Sum Payments

. Overview

Situations where a recipient receives a retroactive lump sum payment - such as an MVA settlement or STD/LTD back-payments - often involve the payment of accrued interest on the delayed payment (retroactive government entitlements usually do not include interest).

The issue can arise in such situations as to whether the interest should be treated in the same way as the principal amount for income and asset purposes, or whether it is 'general' - and chargeable - income. While in my experience it is usual for any interest amounts to be allocated proportionally with the elements of the principal payment, and thus subject to the same income and asset treatment, the issue did arise directly in the case of Mule v Director, ODSP - considered below. The case is essential reading for anyone involved in such a conflict.

. Case Note: Mule and Director, ODSP (Div Ct, 2007)

In Mule v Director, ODSP (Div Ct, 2007) the court was faced with the (relatively) straightforward issue of whether:
... prejudgment interest on damages for pain and suffering form(s) part of the "damages or compensation for pain and suffering" received by an injured person?

"Prejudgment interest" (as distinct from "post-judgment interest", which is self-explanatory) is a concept used in civil litigation (lawsuits). It operates to give a successful plaintiff interest on damage awards (which are always made later) for the period between the filing of the lawsuit and the issuance of judgment. Under the Courts of Justice Act, s.128, [and Rules of Civil Procedure R53.10], the rate for pain and suffering (called "non-precuniary loss") is five percent. This point is relevant to the case.
The significance of whether prejudgment interest formed part of the pain and suffering award is that an amount [$25,000 for OW at August 2010] of such damages (when assessed collectively with some other income types) may be exempt from both income and asset chargeability. However, if interest accruing on such amounts - necessarily paid in a lump sum (usually) years later was not included within the exemption - overpayments and even current ineligibility would result.

Despite resourceful reasoning by the SBT member below, the court ultimately held -at least in the case of pain and suffering awards - that prejudgment interest was to be grouped with the main lump sum and thus within the exemption. While generally sympathetic in its reasoning to the conclusion that interest was an 'indivisible part' of any retroactive lump sum award, the court located it's decision on the safer grounds that the special interest rate treatment (see the Note above) accorded to pain and suffering damages justified such a result:
Since the victim must, of necessity, suffer without compensation for a period of time until his or her damages are capable of assessment, the legislature has determined that the victim will be entitled to additional compensation at the rate of 5 per cent of the non-pecuniary damages award per annum. This award is not tied to the amount of interest that the award could have earned had it been paid on the day that the cause of action arose, but is instead a fixed percentage. Seen in this way, the award of prejudgment interest can be said to form part of the overall compensation package to which the victim is entitled.
As noted above, the case is essential reading for anyone facing an argument from the Director that interest on a lump sum retroactive payment is chargeable, with respect to either income or assets.

(t) Earnings and Training Income Used for Post-Secondary Education

Commencing 01 May 2009, earnings of a post-secondary education student, or amounts paid to such a student under a training program, are exempt assets if all of the following conditions are met [Reg 39(1)14.3]:
  • the income is earned or paid while the student is a member of either an OW or an ODSP benefit unit;

  • the income is paid during school attendence or earned or paid within 16 weeks preceding attendence (commonly, summer earnings);

  • the program of study is either:

    - approved for student loans eligibility under s.7 of Reg 268/01 under the Ministry of Advanced Education and Skills Development Act [Note: this does not mean that a student loan has been received by the student for the program, just that the program is one approved by the Ministry generally for student loan eligibility];


    - at an education institution approved under s.8 of Reg 268/01 that prepares the student for application for registration by a regulated profession under Schedule 1 of the Fair Access to Regulated Professions Act, 2006 OR Schedule 1 of the Regulated Health Professionals Act;

  • the course load is at least 60% of a full course load,


  • the income is used for the approved program of study (above).
(v) Transplant Patient Expense Reimbursement Program Payments

Payments made to any member of the benefit unit under the Transplant Patient Expense Reimbursement Program (under the Ministry of Health and Long-term Care), if they are or will be applied as intended under that program within a reasonable time are exempt assets [Reg 39(1)32].

(w) Ontario Child Benefit Equivalent Act Payments

Payments made under the Ontario Child Benefit Equivalent Act, 2009. This is an Ontario program to match the federal Children's Special Allowances Act (Canada), with money equivalent to Ontario's Ontario Child Benefit (OCB), for children in the care of certain agencies [Reg 39(1)33].

(x) MMAH Ontario Renovates Payments

Payments made under the Ministry of Housing’s Ontario Renovates program, if, in the opinion of the administrator, the payment will be used within a reasonable time and for the purpose for which it was paid [Reg 39(1)34].

(y) RRAP Loans

Loans, including a forgiven loan, or contributions received from the Residential Rehabilitation Assistance Program authorized by section 51 of the National Housing Act (Canada), if, in the opinion of the administrator, the loan or contribution will be used within a reasonable time and for the purpose for which it was given [Reg 39(1)35].

(z) Soldiers Aid Commission

A payment of financial assistance under the Soldiers’ Aid Commission Act, 2020 [Reg 39(1)36.1].

Chapter Continues here ...


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