Readers will be aware of the concept of 'legal cost awards', typically made to a successful party in civil litigation. Many tribunals intentionally have no costs authority, but if they do it is spelled out in the rules that govern their specific proceedings [SPPA s.17.1(1)].
Such rules may authorize the tribunal to order a party to pay all or part of another party's legal costs [SPPA s.17.1(2)], but only if:
the conduct or course of conduct of a party has been unreasonable, frivolous or vexatious or a party has acted in bad faith; and
the tribunal rules set out the circumstances in which costs may be ordered, and the determination of the amount of costs [SPPA s.17.1(4)].
The Tribunal must make any such rules available to the public in both English and French [SPPA s.17.1(5); 25.1(4)].
Submissions for cost orders shall be made by written or electronic format, "unless a party satisfies the tribunal that to do so is likely to cause the party significant prejudice" [SPPA 17.1(7)].
The author has waived all copyright and related or neighboring rights to Administrative Law (Ontario) (Statutory Powers Procedure Act) (July 2020 edition).